The Last Supper
Deacon Ryan Leech
If you were to have one last meal before you died, what would it be and why? Who would you spend it with?
-Jesus takes His last meal before He dies with His disciples at Passover. What does this communicate about Jesus’ character? What does this teach us about how Jesus views relationship?
-Ryan used the painting of the Last Supper by Leonardo DiVinci to help us set the scene for what was happening in the upper room. He highlighted 4 of Jesus’ disciples and their various reactions to Jesus’ statements. Each disciple had a particular way of responding that revealed what they believed about Jesus. Which ones do you feel you resonate with and why?
John: the youngest of all the disciples and closest to Jesus longing for relationship, yet runs away in fear when things get a little scary.
Peter: the brash one, talking a lot of talk, who denies even knowing Jesus when things got real.
Judas: loved the things of the world more than Jesus and end up betraying Him
Thomas: skeptical of what Jesus was saying, even when he sees him face to face Thomas had to actually put his hands on Jesus’ wounds before he believed.
-Ryan then taught us the historical meal of the passover that the Jews would celebrate every year, which had seven parts to it. In the Last Supper scene in Luke, we see many of the parts of this meal with Jesus qualifying them as being fulfilled in Him.
Cup 1: as God, Jesus gives thanks for what He has done for His people
Cup 2: Jesus says that this cup signifies the new covenant of God as being established for His people by His blood shed on the cross.
The bread: Jesus teaches the disciples that the bread actually represents His body to be broken for their salvation
The Last Supper scene really centers around the sixth part of the meal which is the consumption of the sacrificial lamb, which Jesus says is His body given for His people.
How might knowing more of the background of the Jewish passover meal help us to understand the seriousness of communion and what Jesus accomplished for us?
-Ryan’s main theme for the Last Supper is that it is relational; that it shows us Jesus’ desire to be with His people in intimate communion. Do you believe that? How can we grow in understanding this?
-At times we treat our communion time as a weekly ritual without thought, yet it has transcendent importance and reality. Ryan said that communion is one of the most important things we do all week, so why do we forget that? What would it look like to treat it as the most important part of our week and weekly gathering as a church?
-Pray for one another!
Dear Resolved Church Family,
As the leadership of The Resolved Church, we want to be clear in our response to the recent violent riots in Charlottesville this past week. We are deeply heartbroken by these acts of hatred and violence and grieve over this racism which is prevalent throughout this country and our city. We desire to give some careful, pastoral thoughts on racism and our church’s posture against it.
First, we denounce the ideology and practices of white supremacy as evil, hateful, bigoted, and anti-Christ. The events that occurred in Charlottesville are horrific and the racism espoused there ought to be opposed anywhere we see it. Racism and racial supremacy are heretical ways of thinking opposed to the very gospel of Jesus Christ, as it says in Acts 17:26, “He has made from one man every nation of mankind to live on all the face of the earth…” All people everywhere are created in the image of God and thus have inherent dignity and value before God and other people. Anyone who teaches or harbors racist ideology in their hearts are harboring a lie of hate and evil which destroys people and communities, sets up divisions, and causes strife. The gospel of Jesus Christ is the good news which breaks down barriers and establishes diverse, loving communities of all peoples.
Second, the Church is made up of people from various ethnicities and colors. It was and is Jesus’ mission to reconcile all people from every tribe and tongue to Himself. God takes special delight in the variety and diversity of humans made in His image and likeness and so do we. To remain silent when people of any culture/race/color experience violence or prejudice is cruel and apathetic and in so doing, we propagate the same hatred. As a church, we must stand in solidarity with the victims of racism and white supremacy when events like Charlottesville occur.
Third, our posture as a church moving forward must be as humble, empathetic learners. The reality is that though we are growing in being a multi-ethnic congregation, we are still a predominately white church. This means that we need to take the time to listen to our brothers and sisters of color in order to learn from their experiences and to empathize with them in their story. Though we want to posture ourselves as listeners, our voice also matters. It matters to our brothers and sisters in our church who wonder if we understand their pain and are watching to see our response. How will we respond? How will you respond? These issues matter to Christ. As a pastor and brother in the Lord, I readily confess my own ignorance and blindness to these issues and
We have attached several resources that we believe gives further clarity and depth to this important topic. Please read and listen through the attached resources so we can all learn and grow together.
We love you all deeply, Resolved Church, and are expectantly seeking Christ for how He will grow us and use us to further His Kingdom here in San Diego as it is in heaven.
United in Christ,
Pastor Ryan Buss
On behalf of the pastors of The Resolved Church
FAQs of Charlottesville - Joe Carter
Race, the Gospel, and the Moment - Tim Keller
What Now in Charlottesville? - Christine Hoover
Grace, Justice, and Mercy: An Evening with Bryan Stevenson
White Supremacy is Spiritual Bondage - Mika Edmonson
Loving God Pt. 1
This week we tabbed over to 1st John to continue our "Simple Faith" study with Pastor Ryan. this week the Apostle John wanted us to simply love our brother. Speaking of brothers and sisters...
What sort of things
Let's read the passage and then discuss our thoughts:
Beloved, I am writing you no new commandment, but an old commandment that you had from the beginning. The old commandment is the word that you have heard.
At the same time, it is a new commandment that I am writing to you, which is true in him and in you,
Whoever says he is in the light and hates his brother is still in darkness.
Whoever loves his brother abides in the light, and in
But whoever hates his brother is in the darkness and walks in the darkness, and does not know where he is going, because the darkness has blinded his eyes.
- 1 John 2:7-11
Was there anything from the passage you liked? Had questions about? Disliked?
It's an interesting reality that we are now actual brothers and sisters with all other believers. Our friends at The Resolved, the strangers at the Resolved we promise ourselves we'll talk to one day, members of churches down the street and across the world. All your brothers and sisters. Family.
John says God has clearly laid our responsibility to these select people in the world, to love them. Pastor Ryan led us through 2 points regarding this command:
Theology of Love
Practice of Love
THEOLOGY OF LOVE
John starts this gentle rebuke with the word "Beloved". He wants the readers secure in his love before he broaches this important topic.
How do you start hard conversations? How do you decide it's time to have a hard "rebuke-ish" type conversation with someone?
How could this cause and effect be true? What are some of the ramifications of this in our life?
The language used in this passage is light and dark, there's no gray area with light and dark, there is no darkness in light on in the complete absence of light. Pastor Ryan pointed out that with this language you either love your brother, or you hate your brother, there's no "I nothing my brother" option.
What are some of the implications of John's use of "light and dark"? What are the implications in your life of seeing your relationships as loving or hating with no gray area?
Pastor Ryan pointed out that there's a priority given to loving other believers, John's commandment here isn't a carte blanche love to the entire world. It's specific to other
How might this priority of love be challenging? Why do you think John and Jesus make loving the brothers a priority?
PRACTICE OF LOVE
We're told to love our fellow believers and Pastor Ryan gave us three practical ways to do that.
We can do it through our speech. In Ephesians 4:29 we're told to not let any corrupting talk come out of our mouths.
What opportunities do you have to love through speech?
Pastor Ryan also introduced the idea of the "Rule of T.E.N." Before speaking, especially in critical situations ask yourself is this True? Is this Edifying? Is this Necessary?
How would your life change if you only spoke things that followed the rule of ten?
We can also do it through our service. Jesus set an unmistakable example of service for us throughout His life on earth.
What opportunities do you have to love through service?
Another Apostle, Paul, frequently described himself as "your servant, for Jesus sake". (2 Cor 4:5)
What does it mean to be a servant for Jesus sake?
What opportunities do you have to love through sacrifice?
All things are God's and yet He sacrificed His most precious Son for us, showing us nothing is untouchable or off the table in our relationship.
What things do you shy away from bringing to the table to sacrifice? Your money? Job? Stuff? Time? Habits or proclivities?
Pray as a group, that we continue to dwell on and experience God's love for us spilling over into our love for our fellow believers.
A Jesus Who is More
-We are made for more. If there was one thing you could have more of in life, what would it be? Why?
-Recap the scene on top of the mountain with Jesus and His disciples. What do you notice about Jesus in this scene? His disciples?
-In the 2nd century there was a heretical movement called Docetism, which claimed that Jesus was like a ghost; that He did not have a real, physical body or really suffer.What makes this such a dangerous belief? How might our culture have a similar false belief about Jesus?
-The cross is where we see the glory of Christ most clearly. How?
-Luke lives in a culture that venerated the worship of many different gods. So non-Jews living during this time would have naturally read this story and saw many gods in it. How might our culture be more similar to the 1st century time with the worship of many different gods?
-Jesus challenges us to believe that He is more than we think. He is not just a god, but The God! There is no wiggle room for unbelief. Why don't we like to hear that? What is it about hearing there is only one way that is difficult for us?
-God the Father loves and delights in His Son! This love and delight
-How would you define glory? How does our culture define glory?
1. glory is the ultimate in the Bible. It is all of Gods infinite, vast and great aspects in one word.
-The disciples saw the unseen glory of God in the face of Jesus. If you were to see this glory today, how do you think you would respond? Why?
-What in our culture tempts us to believe in a false glory? What glories does our culture preach today? How is Jesus more glorious
-Like the little boy in the story, where do we need the healing of Jesus? How might seeing His glory in the cross heal us today?
IV. Pray for one another!
Our City Mission
San Diego is the eighth largest city in the country. We’re an urban city. Yet, with over 130 different neighborhoods we often live and function with a suburban mentality. Pastor Ross Lester, of a sister Acts 29 church in Johannesburg South Africa gives some keen insights into how we can live on mission in a city like ours. - Pastor Duane
Why don’t we talk more freely about living in the suburbs?
The suburbs are a bit embarrassing it seems, and yet statistically, most of us here probably live and minister in a suburban context. Over 53% of the US population lives in the burbs, and though it might not seem like it, it is the fastest growing population migration in the West, with low-density suburbs growing the fastest by far. I know it looks like lots of people are moving back into the city, with their ironic mustaches and alarmingly tight trousers, but the re-inhabiting of urban spaces is a complex and costly exercise and isn’t keeping track with people just trying to get to the suburbs for some peace and quiet.
And we do have a verse for that desire in 1 Thess 4:11, which says, “Make it your ambition to live a quiet life, minding your own business, and scooping up after your dog…”, (that last bit has the translators perplexed, because actually tells us to work with our hands, but we have no idea how to translate that into a suburban context.) But while we do have a verse that seems to justify suburban retreat, we actually know that suburban living is kind of structurally set up as anti-gospel.
Jared Wilson said, “I think the spirit at work in the suburbs tends to smother the Christian spirit. The message of the suburbs, in a nutshell, is self-empowerment. Self-enhancement. Self-fulfillment. Self is at the center, and all things serve the self. The primary values of suburbia are convenience, abundance, and comfort. In suburbia you can have it all – and you can get it made to order in a super-sized cup with an insulated sleeve.”
And so, for quite a long time I partially resented having to minister into a suburban context. Longing for something a little more missionally credible. A little more street.
But, God opened my eyes. Behind the barriers of immaculate lawns and white picket fences, (or in our context of high walls and electric fence perimeters), hides real people. People full of fear, full of anxiety, full of stress, full of idolatry, full of sin and full of almost endless potential for gospel advance if we would engage them well. My mind and my heart reflected on Jesus’ response to the rich young ruler. I know that not everyone in the suburbs is rich, but I think most people in the suburbs wrestle like that young man with having a split priority heart. Mark’s gospel tells us that as the young ruler is spitting out self-justification, and just before Jesus is going to pull the rug out from under him, that Jesus looks at him and loves him. We are called to do the same. To love and serve spilt-priority people.
So, here are just a few things we have learned in growing to love our suburban setting. They are subjective and incomplete, but maybe they may spark something in one or two of you.
You have to fight hard for genuine community in places that revolve around the cult of the stand-alone nuclear family unit
Man, this is one of the biggest struggles in suburban environments. They are expensive, which means people tend to work crazy hours, they are filled with crazy schedules for kids, so time after work is full to the brim, and they are designed – even spatially – around suspicion of other, and so getting genuine community happening is very difficult.
Sociologists have noted that in the US at least, the design of houses has changed in the suburbs. Houses used to be near the front of the lots, with the front porch as the central point. Now they are built with the living areas all facing the back of the lot, with the private back patio being the focal point.
It’s tough work getting suburban people into biblical community. It’s pushing water up hill, it’s pushing camels through eyes of needles, but if we believe that the gospel creates the sorts of the communities we really believe it does, well then don’t stop pushing the water…or the camels.
In addition, we should model this for our people, and not be guilty of asking them to live in levels of community that we ourselves don’t see as necessary or good for our families and lives.
You have to strive to model and teach the value of diversity in spaces built around homogeny
I know South Africa has this amplified, because segregated spatial planning was official government policy as recently as 23 years ago. But even as a South African, I find suburban spaces in other parts of the world hugely homogenous.
Churches have to break the mold on this. If there is an area in the world where we can actually be trendsetters, it is this one. Gosh but it takes boldness, humility, repentance and the willingness to fail, but we must strive. The price of suburban churches simply accepting the standards of their own geographical homogeny is high. It says the opposite of the all that we believe. It values comfort over compassion, and it creates safe spaces for ongoing prejudice, bigotry and racism to hide and fester, never having to blow its cover.
You have to continually highlight God’s desire for justice in spaces designed to remove people from feeling and experiencing injustice
The suburbs are wonderful. I really like living in them. The schools are good, the parks are good, the areas are safer. Thus, they can have a numbing impact on people, so that when they see other people experiencing injustice, their response becomes one where their own experience with lack of injustice towards them allows them to negate the injustice experienced by others.
Brothers and sisters, I know we are cautious of a liberal social gospel. But truth be told, us reformed cats have the big view of a sovereign God, and we are told again and again that that God hates injustice. We hold to the high truths of the Scripture and those Scriptures tell us again and again that the people of God are called to be a just and merciful people in the midst of an unjust and unmerciful world.
Suburban churches should be regularly disquieted by their prophetic pastors, who draw attention to the ills in the world, and especially the ones that our suburban existences create and exacerbate.
Our schools are good, because there is inequitable spending on schools in other areas.
Our neighborhoods are safe for us, because they aren’t safe for people who don’t look like us. Our products are cheap and varied, because people down the supply chain have been squeezed to below livable wages to get them to us.
Our suburban life of comfort comes at a great cost to others.
You have to remind people of God’s great mission and their place in it, in the midst of routines, school-runs, commutes and survival
Suburban life can seem like and endless routine of school-runs, latte stops, long commutes, soccer matches and weekends that are too short. Radiohead summarized it well albeit somewhat fatalistically when they sang, “I’ll take the quiet life, a handshake of carbon monoxide. With no alarms and no surprises.”
But the Grand Narrative of Scripture doesn’t exclude people from participation in God’s great mission of bringing all things under his rule and reign. And suburban people can and must play their part.
Remind them that their homes are mission stations
Outposts of hospitality, kindness and grace in increasingly hostile and post-Christian contexts. Orchards in which the fruits of the Spirit can be grown and shared.
Remind them that their jobs are missionary assignments
Their cubicle or corner office or school commute is a place that you as a paid Christian can’t get. In that way, they are going everyday into spaces you cannot reach. Send them as missionaries, with purpose, into those spaces.
Remind them that their money is mission ammunition
Money feels like something you don’t want to give away especially with the high cost of living in the suburbs. But if you tell them and show them how their money can blow big holes in the gates of hell, then they are more compelled.
You have to make big calls of sacrifice in the midst of surroundings designed around comfort
We continually think that the way to engage suburban people is to give in to their zeitgeist and to make following Jesus as easy and non-sacrificial as possible.
Two problems with that. One is the bible. And the second is that it doesn’t work.
Call your people to sacrifice, to serve, to risk, to resist, to be foreigners and aliens and freaks of holiness and humility.
You have to promote and celebrate advance in spaces designed for retreat
The world of the suburbs is small. Local schools, local stores. It’s great.
But the world of the gospel is large, and while people worry about its retreat at their local High School, they need to know that it is advancing in Nairobi, and Lilongwe and Lagos, and Seoul and Sydney and Singapore, and London and Loughborough and Lyon.
You have to preach and believe the scandalous gospel of grace in environments designed around performance and self-help
Like the rich young ruler, most of our people will want to justify themselves through achievement. And that is subsequently how most of us as pastors will want to measure our success in ministry too. Continue to disarm your people an yourselves through the marvelous message of grace.
The suburbs are essentially an attempt to create an alternate Kingdom. A place of peace and security here on earth. As such, it is a noble endeavor, but it does it through exclusion and not through the power of God’s grace and truth.
Breathe Kingdom of God grace and Spirit of God power repeatedly into your suburban people. They can change the world. But they will need to enlargen their worldview in order to do that. That’s why God sent you to teach them.
A Jesus for One
After talking the last couple weeks about "a Jesus is
The disciples were Jesus closest friends, if anyone knew who he was, really knew, it would be one of them. Who would you say really knows who you are?
Let's read the passage and hear about Jesus plan for His friends:
18 Now it happened that as he was praying alone, the disciples were with him. And he asked them, "Who do the crowds say that I am?" 19 And they answered, "John the Baptist. But others say, Elijah, and others, that one of the prophets of old has risen." 20 Then he said to them, "But who do you say that I am?" And Peter answered, "The Christ of God." 21 And he strictly charged and commanded them to tell this to no one, 22 saying, "The Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and on the third day be raised." 23 And he said to all, "If anyone would come after me, let him deny himself and take up his cross daily and follow me. 24 For whoever would save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for my sake will save it. 25 For what does it profit a man if he gains the whole world and loses or forfeits himself? 26 For whoever is ashamed of me and of my words, of him will the Son of Man be ashamed when he comes in his glory and the glory of the Father and of the holy angels. 27 But I tell you truly, there are some standing here who will not taste death until they see the kingdom of God." [Luk 9:18-27 ESV]
Duane wanted to emphasize 3 clues from this passage that all point to one undeniable message: You matter to Jesus. The 3 clues were:
Jesus after this huge event teaching and feeding approximately 12,000 people, turns to His disciples and asks what Duane has called "The single most important question you can ask in your life: "Who do you say Jesus is?"
How do you think your friends, coworker, or neighbors answer this question? Why is this question so important?
the disciples answer Jesus by saying the crowds have some mixed ideas about who they believe He is. Jesus then directly asks His disciples "who do you say I am" and Peter jumps right in with the answer of "The Christ, the Savior from God." And Jesus is thrilled! (Matt 16:16)
Why do you think Jesus was so happy to hear Peter's answer? What do we learn about Jesus and God from Jesus' reaction?
Jesus goes on to elaborate on what being The Christ will really mean. In Verse 22 we see Jesus tell them the future, His plan for coming to earth. The plan, it turns out is a lot of suffering for Him and His followers.
What do you think the disciples were hoping the plan would be? Why do you think they continued following after hearing that?
In verse 24 we see Jesus tell the disciples "For whoever would save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for my sake will save it. " It's a really hard statement.
What could this statement mean? How would you explain it to a friend?
Duane pointed out that there was no mistake in Jesus being sent to earth right when the Cross was becoming the en vogue means of capital punishment. It's widely considered the most painful and cruel ways to be put to death. Showing there is nothing Jesus wouldn't do for you.
What is the worst thing you've endured for a friend or family member? What insights does that give you about how Jesus felt about going to the cross for us?
Jesus does indeed suffer just for us, but He also calls on us to suffer a cost also (v 23). Duane pointed out that as life goes on, we tend to create and wear many false selves that weigh us down and hide us. God wants us to give all those up. Stop trying to save our own life with those selves.
How do you recognize a false self? How can you put to death a false self?
Jesus said we'd have to do this
What things do you find yourself battling with
Our lives are not our own, our friends, our jobs, our
Friendship, job, home, money did any of
Pray with your group, thanking God for thinking so much of us to suffer the cross for us and give us
Food is Fuel for Mission
When Jesus fed the 5,000 He was able to minister to the hearts, minds, and lives of the people. We may not be able to perform some miracle where we magically make a bunch of food, but we can use food as a tool to engage the people in our city. Take a minute and read this excerpt from Tim Chester on "party evangelism."
- Pastor Duane
Much is said of engaging with culture—much that’s right and helpful. But we must never let engaging culture eclipse engaging with people. People are infinitely variable and rarely susceptible to our sociological categories. If you want to understand a person’s worldview, don’t read a book. Talk to them, hang out with them, eat with them.
People often complain that they lack time for
Francis Schaeffer says:
Don’t start with a big program. Don’t suddenly think you can add to your church budget and begin. Start personally and start in your home. I dare you. I dare you in the name of Jesus Christ. Do what I am going to suggest. Begin by opening your home for
Join in with the cultural events in your neighborhood. The chances are food will be involved somewhere, because
This is an excerpt from Tim Chester's A Meal with Jesus: Discovering Grace, Community, and Mission around the Table.
A Jesus for Many [Luke 9:10-17]
-Read the passage.
-This is the only miracle that is recorded in all 4 gospel accounts! Why do you think that is?
-What kinds of miracles has Jesus done so far in Luke?
I. Desolate Places
-Jesus takes the disciples out to a desolate place to rest and be with Him. Jesus purposefully brings them into a desolate place. Why might Jesus have done this?
-Jesus had compassion on the crowd who had followed them.
-The disciples were tired, hungry and frustrated at the crowd.
-Jesus, instead of being frustrated, has deep compassion on them and seeks to help meet their need.
-When you find yourself in a desolate place in your life, how do you tend to respond to those around you? To God?
-Jesus has compassion on us when we find ourselves in a desolate place. How have you experienced the compassion of Christ in those places?
-Why does God bring us into desolate places in our lives? What do we learn about ourselves and God in those times?
II. Divine Graces
-What does Jesus do for the people?
-What is the state of the
-Jesus turns His attention, and the peoples', to God the
-We see so many instances when God uses food as the occasion to move His story along and to reveal truths about Himself. How do we see this with the miracle of the multiplication of the food? What are some other ways in Scripture that God uses food to move the story of redemption and Gods character?
-In this scene with
-How would we live our lives differently when we remember that God faithfully provides all things for us all the time?
III. Delighted Faces
-Why does Luke mention the 12 baskets left over? What does this teach us about God?
-The people ate and were satisfied. Jesus provided fully and completely for their satisfaction. Do you find your soul being satisfied in Jesus? Why or why not?
IV. Pray for one another!
The Organic Witness of the Gospel
Peyton Jones stopped by this week so we took a short break from our study of Luke's Gospel to look at Luke's 2nd book, the book of Acts and learn about being witnesses. Peyton is a trainer of church planters and author currently living with us in Southern California. His latest book is called "Reaching the Unreached - Becoming Raiders of the Lost Art" takes a deep look at Acts 1:8, the passage he came to preach about this week. Before we get to that though let's check in a bit.
If you wrote a book about your summer so far, what would the title be?
Let's read through the passage and back up for some context, starting in verse 6:
6 So when they had come together, they asked him, "Lord, will you at this time restore the kingdom to Israel?" 7 He said to them, "It is not for you to know times or seasons that the Father has fixed by his own authority. 8 But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you, and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth."
9 And when he had said these things, as they were looking on, he was lifted up, and a cloud took him out of their sight. 10 And while they were gazing into heaven as he went, behold, two men stood by them in white robes, 11 and said, "Men of Galilee, why do you stand
-- Act 1:6-11
Let's jump right into it
Was there anything about that passage
Jesus here spends His last moments with his disciples preparing them for the Holy Spirit who will come to continue His work. Peyton mentioned that in the past when he's begun to discuss the spirit, he's noticed people can get a little weird.
What are some words that come to mind when thinking about the Holy Spirit? Do you think we as a church discuss him too often? too little?
Jesus disciples know that He's asking them to go and tell His story and
Have you ever been so excited about something that you can't wait to tell others about it? What was it?
Why do you think Jesus asked the disciples to wait for the Holy Spirit instead of just giving them the Spirit immediately or letting them go out on their own?
3 years Jesus had been living, eating, walking, and working with these guys. Pouring His life and knowledge into them, getting them ready for this day.
What do you think it's like to have been
Have you ever been
Peyton shared from His own experience working in churches around the country, how frustrated he was that the more he seemed to be involved with
How have you noticed that being really involved with a church can be a hindrance to spreading the gospel? Why do you think that is? What do you think could be missing?
Spreading the Gospel story is a core value of the Resolved Church family, and
How do you feel about sharing the gospel with friends and neighbors? Is it easy? hard?
One of the ideas that Peyton kept coming back to in this passage is that we have to depend on God for everything. Jesus tells his disciples to wait for the Spirit
Does that change how you feel about sharing the Gospel? How can you remind yourself to be dependent on God when opportunities to share the Gospel come up
Finally, even though most people would say this passage is calling us all to get out there and become evangelists, Peyton made a fine distinction and pointed out that it's actually telling us to go out and be witnesses
What could be some differences between an evangelist and a witness?
Witnessing could look a little different for different people. All the disciples ended up having diverse yet fruitful ministries
How do you think your witnessing might be different? Who has God sent you out to?
Pray as a group that you'd allow yourself to be dependent on God, and clearly see who and where you're being sent to.
The Mall & Our Religious Need
This week Pastor Duane talked about how we all have a "universal need" that is ultimately met by Jesus. Here is an excerpt from James K.A. Smith’s Desiring The Kingdom where he paints a beautiful picture of our need as humans and how it plays out in our everyday lives.
I would like to invite you for a tour of one of the most important religious sites in our metropolitan area. As you approach…you notice the sheer popularity of the site as indicated by the colorful sea of parking that surrounds the building. The site is throbbing with pilgrims every day of the week as thousands and thousands make the pilgrimage.`
As you make your way toward the building — a dazzling array of glass and concretes, the architecture of the building has a recognizable code that makes us feel at home. The large glass atriums at the entrances are framed by banners and flags; familiar texts and symbols on the exterior walls help
As we enter the space, we are ushered into a narthex of sorts intended for receiving, orienting, and channeling new seekers as well as providing a bit of a decompression space for the regular faithful to “enter in” to the spirit of the space. For the seeker, there is a large map— a kind of worship aid— to give the novice an orientation to the location of various spiritual offerings and provide direction into the labyrinth that organizes and channels the ritual observance of the pilgrims.
The pilgrim is also invited to escape from mundane ticking and counting of clock time and to inhabit a space governed by a different time, one almost timeless. However, while daily clock time is suspended, the worship space is very much governed by a kind of liturgical, festal calendar, variously draped in the colors, symbols, and images of an unending litany of holidays and festivals— to which new ones are regularly added, since the establishment of each new festival translates into greater numbers of pilgrims joining the processions to the sanctuary and engaging in worship.
Unlike the flattened depictions of saints one might find in stained-glass windows, here is an array embodied pictures of the redeemed that invite us to imagine ourselves in their shoes— to imagine ourselves otherwise, (to look like and become like them).
As we pause to reflect on some of the icons on the outside of one of the chapels, we are thereby invited to consider what’s happening within the chapel— invited to enter into the act of worship more properly, invited to taste and see. We are greeted by a welcoming acolyte who offers to shepherd us through the experience, but also has the wisdom to allow us to explore on our own terms.
Having a sense of our need, we come looking, not sure what for, but expectant, knowing that what we need must be here. After time spent focused and searching in what the faithful call “the racks,” with our newfound holy object in hand, we proceed to the altar, which is the consummation of worship. While acolytes and other worship assistants have helped us navigate our experience, behind the altar is the priest who presides over the consummating transaction.
And this is a religion of transaction, of exchange and communion. When invited to worship here, we are not only invited to give; we are also invited to take. We don’t leave this transformative experience with just good feelings or pious generalities, but rather with something concrete and tangible, with newly minted relics, as it were, that are themselves the means to the good life. And so we make our sacrifice, leave our donation, but in return receive something with